Highlights
  • China enforced a lockdown in Wuhan and different cities in April 2020
  • COVID-19 had unfold to over 100 international locations by April, 2020: Knowledgeable
  • WHO declared COVID-19 as a pandemic on March 11, 2020

Washington: The novel coronavirus was possible circulating undetected for at most two months earlier than the primary human instances of COVID-19 have been described in Wuhan, China in late-December 2019, in accordance with a examine. The analysis, revealed within the journal Science, used molecular courting instruments and epidemiological simulations up to now the emergence of the virus to as early as October 2019. The group, together with researchers from College of California San Diego within the US, observe that their simulations counsel that the mutating virus dies out naturally greater than three-quarters of the time with out inflicting an epidemic.

Additionally Learn: Evaluation Exhibits Youngsters Between 0-14 Years Much less Affected By COVID: Authorities

Senior examine writer Joel O Wertheim, an affiliate professor at UC San Diego Faculty of Medication stated,

Our examine was designed to reply the query of how lengthy might SARS-CoV-2 have circulated in China earlier than it was found. To reply this query, we mixed three necessary items of knowledge: an in depth understanding of how SARS-CoV-2 unfold in Wuhan earlier than the lockdown, the genetic variety of the virus in China and studies of the earliest instances of COVID-19 in China.

By combining these disparate traces of proof, the researchers have been capable of put an higher restrict of mid-October 2019 for when SARS-CoV-2 began circulating in Hubei province. Circumstances of COVID-19 have been first reported in late-December 2019 in Wuhan, positioned within the Hubei province of central China.

The researchers used molecular clock evolutionary analyses to attempt to house in on when the primary, or index, case of SARS-CoV-2 occurred. “Molecular clock” is a time period for a way that makes use of the mutation fee of genes to infer when two or extra life varieties diverged — on this case, when the widespread ancestor of all variants of SARS-CoV-2 existed, estimated on this examine to as early as mid-November 2019.

Molecular courting of the newest widespread ancestor is usually taken to be synonymous with the index case of an rising illness.

The index case can conceivably predate the widespread ancestor — the precise first case of this outbreak could have occurred days, weeks and even many months earlier than the estimated widespread ancestor. Figuring out the size of that ‘phylogenetic fuse’ was on the coronary heart of our investigation, stated examine co-author Michael Worobey, a professor on the College of Arizona.

Additionally Learn: COVID-19 Affected Well being Situation Of 26 Per Cent Aged Individuals In India: Examine

Primarily based on this work, the researchers estimate that the median variety of individuals contaminated with SARS-CoV-2 in China was lower than one till November 4, 2019. 13 days later, it was 4 people, and simply 9 on December 1, 2019, they stated. The primary hospitalisations in Wuhan with a situation later recognized as COVID-19 occurred in mid-December.

The researchers used a wide range of analytical instruments to mannequin how the SARS-CoV-2 virus could have behaved throughout the preliminary outbreak and early days of the pandemic when it was largely an unknown entity.

These instruments included epidemic simulations primarily based on the virus’s recognized biology, comparable to its transmissibility and different elements. In simply 29.7 per cent of those simulations was the virus capable of create self-sustaining epidemics. Within the different 70.3 per cent, the virus contaminated comparatively few individuals earlier than dying out. The typical failed epidemic ended simply eight days after the index case.

We noticed that over two-thirds of the epidemics we tried to simulate went extinct. That signifies that if we might return in time and repeat 2019 100 instances, two out of 3 times, COVID-19 would have fizzled out by itself with out igniting a pandemic. This discovering helps the notion that people are continually being bombarded with zoonotic pathogens, he added.

Additionally Learn: 100-12 months-Previous Girl Will get First Dose Of COVID-19 Vaccine In Delhi

(Aside from the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV workers and is revealed from a syndicated feed.)

NDTV – Dettol Banega Swasth India marketing campaign is an extension of the five-year-old Banega Swachh India initiative helmed by Marketing campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It goals to unfold consciousness about essential well being points going through the nation. In wake of the present COVID-19 pandemic, the necessity for WASH (WaterSanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as handwashing is among the methods to forestall Coronavirus an infection and different ailments. The marketing campaign highlights the significance of vitamin and healthcare for ladies and kids to forestall maternal and youngster mortality, combat malnutrition, stunting, losing, anaemia and illness prevention via vaccines. Significance of programmes like Public Distribution System (PDS), Mid-day Meal Scheme, POSHAN Abhiyan and the position of Aganwadis and ASHA staff are additionally coated. Solely a Swachh or clear India the place bathrooms are used and open defecation free (ODF) standing achieved as a part of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate ailments like diahorrea and develop into a Swasth or wholesome India. The marketing campaign will proceed to cowl points like air air pollutionwaste administrationplastic banhandbook scavenging and sanitation staff and menstrual hygiene

World

12,17,71,384Circumstances

5,01,03,718Energetic

6,89,76,849Recovered

26,90,817Deaths

Coronavirus has unfold to 192 international locations. The whole confirmed instances worldwide are 12,17,71,384 and 26,90,817 have died; 5,01,03,718 are energetic instances and 6,89,76,849 have recovered as on March 19, 2021 at 4:03 am.

India

1,15,14,331 39726Circumstances

2,71,282 18918Energetic

1,10,83,679 20654Recovered

1,59,370 154Deaths

In India, there are 1,15,14,331 confirmed instances together with 1,59,370 deaths. The variety of energetic instances is 2,71,282 and 1,10,83,679 have recovered as on March 19, 2021 at 2:30 am.

State & District Particulars

State Circumstances Energetic Recovered Deaths
Maharashtra

DistrictCircumstances

Mumbai45,478

Thane13,660

Pune9,920

Mumbai Suburban5,363

Aurangabad1,974

Nashik1,575

Raigad1,462

Palghar1,421

Solapur1,291

Jalgaon1,039

Akola757

Nagpur692

Kolhapur646

Satara629

Ratnagiri350

Amravati291

Dhule228

Hingoli208

Jalna201

Ahmednagar190

Nanded176

Yavatmal150

Sangli145

Latur139

Osmanabad125

Sindhudurg114

Buldhana88

Parbhani78

gondia69

Beed54

Nandurbar42

Gadchiroli42

Bhandara41

Chandrapur32

Washim13

Wardha11

23,96,340 25,833

1,67,637 13,601

21,75,565 12,174

53,138 58

Kerala

DistrictCircumstances

Kannur357

Kasaragod333

Palakkad224

Malappuram119

Kollam118

Thrissur106

Thiruvananthapuram104

Pathanamthitta98

Kozhikode90

Alappuzha76

Kottayam73

Ernakulam60

Idukki40

Wayanad36

10,98,291 1,899

25,463 235

10,68,378 2,119

4,450 15

Karnataka

DistrictCircumstances

Udupi1,176

Kalaburagi669

Yadgir538

Bengaluru City529

Raichur369

Mandya346

Belagavi337

Bidar219

Hassan205

Davangere204

Vijayapura201

Dakshina Kannada179

Chikkaballapura149

Mysuru107

Bagalkote103

Uttara Kannada95

Shivamogga67

Dharwad61

Ballari60

Gadag45

Bengaluru Rural40

Tumakuru36

Kolar29

Haveri24

Chikkamagaluru19

Chitradurga14

Koppal5

Kodagu4

Ramanagara3

Chamarajanagara0

9,65,102 1,488

11,378 1,139

9,41,309 341

12,415 8

Andhra Pradesh

DistrictCircumstances

Kurnool795

Krishna557

Guntur511

Anantapur428

East Godavari356

Chittoor319

Sri Potti Sriramulu Nell*296

Y.S.R.205

West Godavari199

Srikakulam183

Prakasam104

Visakhapatnam103

Vizianagaram23

8,92,740 218

1,795 101

8,83,759 117

7,186

Tamil Nadu

DistrictCircumstances

Chennai23,324

Chengalpattu1,314

Thiruvallur774

Villupuram509

Kanchipuram503

Tiruvannamalai496

Cuddalore477

Ariyalur444

Tirunelveli433

Tuticorin333

Kallakurichi324

Madurai322

Salem258

Coimbatore188

Virudhunagar185

Dindigul175

Perambalur133

Ranipet133

Thanjavur130

Theni129

Tiruchirappalli119

Ramanathapuram119

Tiruppur116

Kanniyakumari110

Tenkasi103

Nagapattinam99

Karur88

Namakkal83

Erode75

Vellore71

Thiruvarur67

Pudukkottai53

Sivaganga46

Tirupathur45

Krishnagiri43

The Nilgiris17

Dharmapuri15

8,63,363 989

6,222 411

8,44,568 569

12,573 9

Delhi

DistrictCircumstances

North West5,463

Central4,817

West4,768

New Delhi3,405

North3,059

East2,472

South East2,446

South West2,391

South2,329

North East1,914

Shahdara1,580

6,45,632 607

2,927 225

6,31,756 381

10,949 1

Uttar Pradesh

DistrictCircumstances

Gautam Buddha Nagar1,119

Agra933

Ghaziabad794

Meerut504

Lucknow386

Saharanpur298

Kanpur Nagar286

Moradabad252

Varanasi243

Hapur225

Aligarh215

Basti214

Amethi206

Rampur203

Jaunpur194

Firozabad190

Barabanki168

Gorakhpur166

Bulandshahr166

Siddharth Nagar159

Ghazipur159

Bijnor157

Deoria143

Azamgarh138

Sant Kabeer Nagar132

Mathura129

Ayodhya120

Muzaffarnagar117

Sambhal116

Sultanpur97

Ambedkar Nagar92

Maharajganj85

Amroha80

Rae Bareli78

Bahraich73

Kheri72

Kannauj69

Baghpat68

Kushi Nagar67

Bhadohi60

Ballia60

Gonda59

Etah52

Hardoi49

Balrampur49

Mau48

Mainpuri46

Etawah46

Hathras43

Unnao42

Jalaun41

Jhansi41

Shamli40

Chandauli38

Auraiya37

Farrukhabad36

Sitapur32

Prayagraj30

Banda27

Shahjahanpur25

Shravasti23

Budaun23

Mirzapur22

Bareilly17

Kasganj16

Pratapgarh15

Pilibhit15

Sonbhadra10

Kaushambi6

Kanpur Dehat4

Chitrakoot4

Lalitpur3

Hamirpur3

Mahoba3

Fatehpur3

6,06,229 314

2,217 203

5,95,259 109

8,753 2

West Bengal

DistrictCircumstances

Kolkata2,777

Howrah1,435

24 Paraganas North1,031

Hooghly604

24 Paraganas South281

Maldah235

Dinajpur Uttar216

Coochbehar210

Birbhum206

Medinipur West159

Medinipur East153

Nadia139

Purba Bardhaman130

Murshidabad125

Bankura116

Darjeeling97

Jalpaiguri88

Paschim Bardhaman70

Purulia66

Dinajpur Dakshin50

Alipurduar39

Kalimpong18

Jhargram9

5,79,479 323

3,241 53

5,65,938 268

10,300 2

Odisha

DistrictCircumstances

Ganjam581

Jajapur322

Khordha238

Baleshwar190

Kendrapara164

Cuttack155

Bhadrak137

Balangir129

Puri103

Sundargarh102

Jagatsinghapur91

Nayagarh86

Mayurbhanj73

Nuapada69

Gajapati61

Dhenkanal36

Boudh34

Kendujhar34

Deogarh33

Kalahandi33

Sonepur29

Kandhamal28

Anugul26

Malkangiri20

Bargarh16

Koraput16

Sambalpur16

Jharsuguda8

Nabarangpur2

Rayagada2

3,38,489 84

648 18

3,35,923 66

1,918

Rajasthan

DistrictCircumstances

Jaipur2,177

Jodhpur1,748

Udaipur724

Bharatpur563

Kota503

Nagaur500

Ajmer379

Dungarpur374

Pali352

Jhalawar329

Bhilwara250

Sikar231

Chittorgarh188

Tonk171

Jalore164

Rajsamand140

Sirohi130

Bikaner112

Banswara91

Alwar90

Churu81

Jhunjhunu64

Dausa61

Dholpur60

Baran59

Jaisalmer53

Barmer34

Hanumangarh31

SawaiMadhopur26

Karauli17

Pratapgarh14

Ganganagar8

Bundi5

3,24,101 327

3,023 172

3,18,284 152

2,794 3

Chhattisgarh

DistrictCircumstances

Bilaspur100

Korba100

Mungeli87

Baloda Bazar85

Jashpur77

Janjgir-Champa56

Mahasamund54

Rajnandgaon52

Kabirdham52

Raigarh47

Raipur46

Balod41

Korea39

Durg31

Bemetara21

Kanker19

Balrampur17

Surguja14

Gariyaband10

Surajpur9

Dhamtari6

Bijapur2

Bastar2

Dantewada0

Kondagaon0

Narayanpur0

Sukma0

3,20,783 1,066

6,025 726

3,10,838 335

3,920 5

Telangana

DistrictCircumstances

Hyderabad2,475

Ranga Reddy183

Suryapet87

Jagitial77

Nizamabad76

MedchalMalkajgiri75

Mancherial43

YadadriBhuvanagiri40

Jogulamba Gadwal40

Vikarabad40

Nalgonda33

Warangal City32

Mahabubnagar30

Sangareddy26

Khammam26

Adilabad22

Nirmal21

Karimnagar17

RajannaSircilla16

Medak11

Kamareddy11

Mahabubabad10

Jayashankar Bhupalapally9

Nagarkurnool8

Kumuram Bheem Asifabad8

Jangoan8

Siddipet7

Peddapalli5

Bhadradri Kothagudem5

Warangal Rural4

Mulugu3

Narayanpet3

Wanaparthy1

3,02,360 313

2,434 169

2,98,262 142

1,664 2

Gujarat

DistrictCircumstances

Ahmadabad17,125

Surat2,311

Vadodara1,555

Gandhinagar410

Mahesana159

Banas Kantha147

Bhavnagar146

Rajkot135

Arvalli134

Mahisagar125

Anand107

PanchMahals107

Patan105

SabarKantha101

Kachchh99

Kheda98

Jamnagar63

Bharuch56

Botad55

Surendranagar55

Valsad47

GirSomnath45

Dohad43

Chhotaudepur37

Naysari35

Junagadh31

Narmada25

DevbhumiDwarka22

Amreli16

Porbandar11

Tapi6

Dang5

Morbi4

2,82,449 1,276

5,684 374

2,72,332 899

4,433 3

Haryana

DistrictCircumstances

Gurugram2,950

Faridabad867

Sonipat404

Rohtak145

Palwal120

Jhajjar114

Karnal104

Hisar98

Ambala93

Panipat78

Nuh68

Bhiwani60

Rewari56

Kurukshetra55

Sirsa50

Kaithal48

Mahendragarh47

CharkiDadri43

Panchkula39

Fatehabad38

Jind38

Yamunanagar19

2,77,268 633

3,957 217

2,70,222 410

3,089 6

Madhya Pradesh

DistrictCircumstances

Indore3,839

Bhopal1,880

Ujjain799

Burhanpur351

Neemuch319

Jabalpur276

East Nimar266

Sagar228

Gwalior211

Khargone196

Dewas140

Dhar132

Mandsaur112

Morena109

Bhind87

Raisen71

Barwani60

Ratlam51

Rewa39

Shajapur39

Hoshangabad37

Vidisha37

Chhatarpur35

Betul35

Rajgarh31

Dindori29

Sheopur26

Damoh26

Satna24

Anuppur22

Panna20

Tikamgarh18

Sidhi17

Narsinghpur17

Chhindwara16

Agar Malwa15

Mandla15

Shivpuri15

Jhabua14

Shandol14

Singrauli13

Ashoknagar13

Datia12

Sehore12

Umaria10

Balaghat9

Guna8

Harda4

Alirajpur3

Katni3

Seoni2

Niwari0

2,71,957 917

6,032 416

2,62,031 500

3,894 1

Bihar

DistrictCircumstances

Patna279

Bhagalpur266

Rohtas256

Khagaria253

Begusarai243

Madhubani199

Munger188

Jehanabad178

Katihar175

Darbhanga143

Samastipur139

Siwan139

PurbiChamparan138

Purnia135

Banka134

Buxar134

Nalanda123

Gopalganj123

Nawada122

Sheikhpura118

Gaya115

Kaimur (bhabua)105

Bhojpur103

Saran101

Muzaffarpur96

Saharsa88

Supaul87

Vaishali87

Madhepura82

Kishanganj75

Aurangabad75

Sitamarhi73

Lakhisarai72

Araria68

Pashchim Champaran57

Arwal52

Jamui47

Sheohar20

2,63,265 107

406 42

2,61,304 64

1,555 1

Assam

DistrictCircumstances

Kamrup Metro276

Golaghat203

Nagaon143

Hojai89

Dima Hasao86

Karimganj85

Tinsukia84

Cachar80

Dibrugarh61

Hailakandi57

Lakhimpur57

Marigaon50

Dhemaji47

Kamrup42

Kokrajhar37

Dhubri30

Charaideo29

Barpeta28

Udalguri28

Sonitpur27

Jorhat24

Nalbari23

Darrang20

Sivasagar20

Goalpara19

Biswanath16

Baksa14

KarbiAnglong13

Bongaigaon12

Chirang6

West KarbiAnglong5

South SalmaraMancachar4

Majuli2

2,17,905 33

1,645 18

2,15,160 14

1,100 1

Punjab

DistrictCircumstances

Amritsar485

Jalandhar297

Ludhiana293

Tarn Taran163

Gurdaspur154

Hoshiarpur140

S.A.S Nagar137

Patiala132

Sangrur107

Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawanshahr)99

Pathankot86

Rupnagar (Ropar)74

Faridkot74

Sri Muktsar Sahib71

Moga65

Bathinda60

Fatehgarh Sahib57

Fazilka53

Firozepur50

Kapurthala44

Mansa31

Barnala25

2,05,418 2,369

14,366 1,046

1,84,848 1,291

6,204 32

Jammu And Kashmir

DistrictCircumstances

Anantnag395

Srinagar300

Kulgam295

Baramulla271

Shopian255

Kupwara231

Bandipora175

Udhampur155

Ramban151

Jammu138

Budgam110

Pulwama108

Kathua53

Rajouri39

Ganderbal37

Poonch35

Doda27

Reasi26

Samba25

Kishtwar10

Mirpur0

Muzaffarabad0

1,28,097 140

1,073 65

1,25,046 74

1,978 1

Jharkhand

DistrictCircumstances

East Singhbum170

Ranchi148

Hazaribagh110

Garhwa80

Ramgarh75

Koderma58

Simdega48

Dhanbad32

Gumla28

Palamu27

West Singhbhum21

SaraikelaKharsawan20

Giridih19

Bokaro16

Latehar14

Khunti10

Lohardaga8

Deoghar5

Dumka5

Pakur4

Jamtara2

Godda2

Chatra1

Sahebganj0

1,20,950 97

624 25

1,19,232 72

1,094

Uttarakhand

DistrictCircumstances

Dehradun370

Nainital323

Tehri Garhwal110

Haridwar94

Udam Singh Nagar83

Almora71

Champawat45

Pithoragarh43

Chamoli36

PauriGarhwal36

Bageshwar31

Rudraprayag30

Uttar Kashi24

98,129 88

698 26

95,727 62

1,704

Himachal Pradesh

DistrictCircumstances

Hamirpur117

Kangra105

Una41

Solan32

Chamba29

Bilaspur21

Mandi21

Sirmaur11

Shimla10

Kullu4

Kinnaur2

Lahaul And Spiti0

60,207 171

1,043 108

58,151 61

1,013 2

Goa

DistrictCircumstances

South Goa69

North Goa57

56,271 98

861 56

54,597 41

813 1

Puducherry

DistrictCircumstances

Pondicherry111

Mahe4

Karaikal2

Yanam0

40,201 81

6 208

39,521 288

674 1

Tripura

DistrictCircumstances

Dhalai196

Sepahijala174

Gomati74

South Tripura53

Unakoti49

West Tripura45

Khowai24

North Tripura14

33,454 10

21 9

33,042 1

391

Manipur

DistrictCircumstances

Churachandpur32

Kangpokpi26

Imphal West21

Thoubal18

Imphal East10

Tengnoupal9

Bishnupur7

Senapati6

Chandel5

Kamjong5

Ukhrul4

Jiribam3

Pherzawl3

Kakching2

Tamenglong2

Noney1

29,325 2

28 0

28,924 2

373

Chandigarh

DistrictCircumstances

Chandigarh313

23,803 211

1,466 136

21,978 75

359

Arunachal Pradesh

DistrictCircumstances

Changlang31

Papum Pare8

Lohit3

Namsai2

West Siang1

East Siang1

Higher Siang1

Tawang1

PakkeKessang1

West Kameng0

Higher Subansiri0

Tirap0

Siang0

Shi Yomi0

Anjaw0

Decrease Subansiri0

Decrease Dibang Valley0

Longding0

Leparada0

KurungKumey0

KraDaadi0

Kamle0

East Kameng0

Dibang Valley0

Decrease Siang0

16,842 1

3 1

16,783

56

Meghalaya

DistrictCircumstances

East Khasi Hills22

West Garo Hills5

South West Garo Hills4

North Garo Hills1

West Jaintia Hills1

West Khasi Hills1

East Garo Hills0

East Jaintia Hills0

Ribhoi0

South Garo Hills0

South West Khasi Hills0

14,005 3

32 2

13,825 1

148

Nagaland

DistrictCircumstances

Dimapur20

Mon8

Kohima7

Kiphire3

Tuensang3

Peren2

Phek1

Longleng0

Mokokchung0

Wokha0

Zunheboto0

12,225

7 0

12,127

91

Ladakh

DistrictCircumstances

Kargil77

LehLadakh43

9,876 11

51 7

9,695 4

130

Sikkim

DistrictCircumstances

East District3

South District3

North District0

West District0

6,196 2

48 2

6,013

135

Andaman And Nicobar Islands

DistrictCircumstances

South Andamans33

Nicobars1

North And Center Andaman1

5,036 1

5 1

4,969 2

62

Mizoram

DistrictCircumstances

Kolasib11

Aizawl10

Mamit8

Lawngtlai2

Lunglei2

Saitual1

Champhai0

Hnahthial0

Khawzawl0

Saiha0

Serchhip0

4,445

13 4

4,421 4

11

Dadra And Nagar Haveli

DistrictCircumstances

Dadra And Nagar Haveli20

3,454 9

30 4

3,422 5

2

Lakshadweep

DistrictCircumstances

Lakshadweep District0

644 5

173 6

470 11

1

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