Punjabi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken primarily in Punjab Province in Pakistan, and in Punjab state in India. There are additionally Punjabi audio system within the Kenya, Singapore, UK, Canada, the UAE, the USA, Saudi Arabia and Australia.

The names Punjabi and Punjab come from the Persian phrases for 5 (panj – پنج) and water (ab آب), and refers back to the 5 main japanese tributaties of the Indus River that stream by way of Punjab: the Chenab, Jhelum, Ravi, Sutlej and Beas.

Punjabi descended from the Shauraseni language of medieval northern India and have become a definite language in the course of the eleventh century. There are two primary kinds of Punjabi: Japanese Punjabi and Western Punjabi, every of which has a variety of dialects.

Japanese Punjabi is spoken by about 32.6 million folks (in 2011), primarily in India within the states of Punjab, Chandigarh, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Kammu and Kashmir, and Rajasthan. There are additionally audio system of Japanese Punjabi in Nairobi in Kenya, and in Singapore.

Western Punjabi is spoken by about 92.7 million folks (in 2015), primarily in Punjab province in Pakistan, and in addition in Punjab state and Jammu and Kashmir state in India. Additionally it is often known as Lahanda, Lahnda or Lahndi.